The Sea Ice Drift Forecast Experiment (SIDFEx, 2017–2020) is a community effort to collect and analyse Arctic sea ice drift forecasts at lead times from days to a year, based on arbitrary methods, for a number of sea-ice buoys and, ultimately, research icebreaker Polarstern, on a regular basis. 

SIDFEx is motivated in part by the need to determine an optimal deployment position of the research icebreaker Polarstern when she will start her year-long drift across the Arctic in autumn 2019 (Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate – MOSAiC). Specifically, it is unclear whether forecast systems that account for initial conditions and provide forecasts of the evolving atmosphere, ice, and ocean system, can provide additional skill over drift forecasts made using historical sea-ice velocity fields. The MOSAiC drift provides a template for assessing the capabilities to forecast sea-ice drift for a range of applications, ranging from logistics support for future field experiments to potential search and rescue operations. The examination of sea-ice drift forecasts provides an integrated assessment of many aspects of the coupled atmosphere-ice-ocean system and will motivate in depth investigations into how key variables are measured, modelled, and forecast. In particular, we expect coordinated drift forecasts to draw attention to the interaction between sea-ice physics and boundary layer physics in both atmosphere and ocean. We expect that a systematic assessment of real drift forecasting capabilities will improve our physical understanding of sea-ice and enable us to identify and resolve model shortcomings and identify limits of predictability. 

SIDFEx is largely the result of discussions held at various meetings, in particular in the context of the Year of Polar Prediction (YOPP), MOSAiC, the Sea Ice Prediction Network (SIPN), the Forum of Arctic Modelling and Observations Systhesis (FAMOS), and the International Arctic Buoy Programme (IABP).

Recent information

The latest status of SIDFEx has been presented at the 9th IICWG-DA Meeting, June 2019, in Bremen. The slides are available here.

The SIDFEx R-package (available here) has steadily evolved over the past months and now comes with a user guide that facilitates installing and working with the package. We hope that the package and the user guide prove to be helpful and enable others to join into the analysis of SIDFEx data. An "R-Shiny App", a webtool building on the SIDFEx R-package, is scheduled for a first release in July 2019, so keep tuned!

The June call for contributions to the SIPN2 Sea Ice Outlook has been published here. As in the previous two years, the call includes associated submissions to SIDFEx. Corresponding calls for July and August will follow in one and two months.

A new SIDFEx poster and two corresponding leaflets with additional, presented in April 2019 at the EGU General Assembly, can be downloaded here (poster)here (leaflet 1), and here (leaflet 2).

A section on SIDFEx has been included in the Sea Ice Prediction Network Sea Ice Outlook (SIPN-SIO) 2018 post-season report, available here (Section 7).

A news article on ECMWF's contribution to SIDFEx made it into the winter 2018/19 issue of the ECMWF Newsletter, available here.

As of November 2018, a list of all SIDFEx targets, their valid date ranges and latest positions in simple text format is available here. The list is automatically updated hourly and can be used by contributors to automate the target handling.

The Python-based scripts for diagnostic tracking of ice particles have received a minor update on 24 October 2018; see below.

A short report on SIDFEx has been included in the Sea Ice Prediction Network Sea Ice Outlook (SIPN-SIO) 2017 post-season report, available here. The SIDFEx section can be found at the very end of the report.

Background and guidelines for SIDFEx contributions

A document providing details on the design of SIDFEx and how to contribute drift forecasts can be obtained in the guidelines document here.

Contributors who would like to check in advance whether their files meet the formatting conventions (detailed in the guidelines document) may use this R function. How to use it is explained in the file header. The function (named sidfex.checkfileformat()) is also part of the SIDFEx R-package available here.


As detailed in the guidelines document, SIDFEx targets a number of buoys of the International Arctic Buoy Programme (IABP). The selected buoys are listed here, along with a near-real-time map showing their positions and drift history.

For easier automation of target handling for SIDFEx contributions, a list of all SIDFEx targets, their status, valid date ranges, and most recent positions, updated hourly, is available here.

Forecast Results and Analysis Tools

After submission, each forecast is automatically processed and made publicly available in real-time (<1h delay) at the Cloud Service of the German Climate Computing Centre. Individual forecast files, ordered by contributor GroupIDs, can be accessed directly here. In addition, a tar.gz archive of all forecasts and an index of these (in R binary as well as plain text (csv) format) are available here.

A SIDFEx R-package that can be used to download and analyse the SIDFEx data as well as the corresponding IABP observations is available on GitHub here. To get started with the package, please have a look at the SIDFEx package user guide. Building on this, an online tool based on R-Shiny to browse, search, plot, and analyse the results online is under development.

You can find the outcomes of some preliminary analyses of the SIDFEx data in presentations and posters listed above under Recent information.

Example scripts

Below are example scripts that can be taken as a starting point to generate SIDFEx forecasts and to automate the procedure as much as possible, for example such that new targets are automatically detected and forecasts and/or re-forecasts are produced for all targets active at the time.

Target checking and position retrieval

These are example Shell and Python scripts to read the SIDFEx target table to determine which buoys are (and have been) active targets from when to when. Ed Blockley, who kindly provided these example scripts used for the UKMO contributions (thank you!), noted the following: The shell script is the boss. It pulls off the SIDFEx list from AWI and decides which buoys are valid for the given date (default is yesterday - the analysis performed today). It then calls the python script for each buoy find the closest buoy report to the 0Z initial point. I locate the nearest point and complain if it's not within a certain tolerance (1 day used here) so that a buoy can be included even if the 0Z report were missing for some reason.

Download scripts

Tracing and submission:

Our colleagues at NERSC (a big Thank You to Maxime Beauchamp and Laurent Bertino) were so kind to provide their Python-based scripts which they use to conduct the 2D-tracing based on ARC-MFC (TOPAZ) sea-ice drift forecast fields. These scripts are invoked every day by a cron job to generate the near-real-time metno001 contributions. The scripts also include the automated submission using curl . Obviously, the scripts need some adaptions if they are to be used by other groups and to other drift fields, but they might serve as an excellent template.

Note that the scripts received a minor update on 24 October 2018 to allow a temporal tolerance around the time of the last position observation. This helps avoiding gaps with respect to forecast initial times.

Download scripts (version 31 August 2018, uploaded 24 October 2018)

Download older scripts (version 14 May 2018)


You may contact us via email.

SIDFEx lead team: Helge Goessling, Axel Schweiger, Rüdiger Gerdes, Ed Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, Thomas Krumpen, Marcel Nicolaus, Robert Grumbine, and Ignatius Rigor.

MOSAiC Climate Cube

On the occasion of the official start of the MOSAiC Expedition on September 20th 2019, we have produced a special ClimateCube that brings MOSAiC into your living room! Ready to tinker? Then get your MOSAiC ClimateCube here: ENGLISH / GERMAN.

SIDFEx Webtool

Quicklink to the SIDFEx Webtool to browse and evaluate all past forecasts and to obtain near-real-time forecasts, including for the MOSAiC Drift: Click HERE.